Melanoma develops in the skin cells that produce melanin, the pigment that gives color to your skin. It is the most serious type of skin cancer. The cancerous growths develop when unrepaired DNA damage occurs to the skin cells that lead to rapid multiplication and the formation of malignant tumors.
Endometrial cancer begins in the layer of cells that forms the lining of the uterus. It is sometimes referred to as cancer of the uterus or uterine cancer. The first sign of endometrial cancer can be vaginal bleeding not associated with a woman’s period or menstrual cycle. Other symptoms can include pelvic pain or pain accompanying sexual intercourse or urination. If you have gone through menopause, it is very important to report any abnormal discharge, vaginal spotting or bleeding to your doctor.
National Breast Cancer Awareness Month is a chance to increase awareness the early detection of breast cancer.
Oral cancer is the growth of abnormal cells on the lips, tongue, gums, mouth floor, cheek lining or back of the throat. A delay in diagnosing the cancer can cause it to spread to the lymph nodes or other areas of the body. An early sign of oral cancer may be the development of a white or red patch of tissue in the mouth or a small ulcer. If a dentist or family doctor notices any of these changes in the mouth, they need to be carefully watched.
Osteosarcoma is a common type of bone cancer usually diagnosed in children and young adults. Osteosarcoma develops from an abnormality in the cells involved in growing bone and commonly affects teenage boys or girls who are experiencing a growth spurt. With proper diagnosis and treatment, most kids with osteosarcoma do recover without losing a limb.
Ovarian canceris a disease in which cells of a woman's ovaries grow abnormally or out of control, and spread to other areas of the body. Ovarian cancer causes more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system.
Colorectal cancer, commonly known as colon cancer or bowel cancer, is the third leading cause of cancer-related fatalities and it is estimated it will cause more than 50,000 deaths in 2013. Most cases of colon cancer begin as small, benign or non-cancerous clumps of cells called adenomatous polyps. If left untreated, some of the polyps can become cancerous or develop into adenocarcinomas.
In a strange case of a “vanishing” ovary, Pennsylvania Superior Court upheld a $2.4 million medical malpractice award for the family of a woman who died of ovarian cancer. The husband of Sharon Zawatski filed suit against a surgeon and Geisinger Wyoming Valley Medical Center claiming her treatment was negligent because only ovary was removed, allowing the cancer nto return. The Wilkes-Barre area woman died at age 59 in 2008.
Botched cancer surgery verdict upheld
The Washington Hospital in western Pennsylvania said it would review at least 500 Pap smear slides after one woman claimed the hospital's pathologists misread her tests for five consecutive years. A later review of the woman’s slides revealed a clear progression from pre-cancerous cells to an invasive carcinoma. Luckily, after finally being diagnosed with cervical cancer, she responded well to treatment and is now free of cancer.